In recent years, with the rapid advancement of China's large-scale infrastructure investment and industrialization process, the output value and cost of aluminum profiles have increased rapidly, and China has also become the largest aluminum profile production base and spending mall in the world. After nearly 10 years of high-speed addition, China's aluminum profile career has entered a new stage of development and has shown many new development trends.
Industrial aluminum profile prospects focus on the global aluminum profile production and sales situation. From the perspective of production capacity distribution, in 2009, there were about 95 countries and regions that could produce aluminum profiles in the world, and there were about 2,200 companies. During this period, China's production capacity accounted for the proportion of international total Beyond 50%, topped the list.
With the global economic addition and the continuous expansion of the use of aluminum profiles, the global consumption of aluminum profiles increased from about 8.69 million tons in 2001 to about 15.5 million tons in 2009, with an annual compound addition rate of about 7.5%. It is estimated that in 2012, the global aluminum profile consumption will reach approximately 16.69 million tons.
From a regional perspective, from 2001 to 2009, spending in the world ’s leading regions showed a different trend. China ’s spending share rose rapidly, while Europe and North America showed a downward trend. By 2009, China ’s spending accounted for 47% of global spending, while Europe, North America, and Japan accounted for only 21%, 8%, and 6%, respectively. China has started to become a major spender of aluminum profiles.
In the industrial sector, China's industrial aluminum profiles now account for about 30% of the total aluminum profile usage. They are mainly used in transportation (including car manufacturing, rail transportation), equipment and machinery manufacturing, and durable consumer goods (including Light industry), etc., accounted for about 10%, 10% and 12% of the aluminum profile use in China, respectively. In the same period, the industrial consumption share of aluminum profiles in Europe, North America and Japan reached 60%, 55% and 40%, far higher than China. The difference in cost structure reflects the lack of production, development, and use of China's aluminum profiles in the industrial sector. Together, it also indicates that China's industrial aluminum profiles have unlimited room for addition.
It is estimated that in the next 5 to 10 years, the consumption of Chinese industrial aluminum profiles will continue to increase, and the share of aluminum profile products will increase from about 30% now to about 45-50% in 2015. According to the relevant plan of the Chinese government, within the next 10 years, the proportion of industrial materials in the total use of aluminum profiles will be close to 70%.
What's more important is that the development of industrial aluminum profiles can earn abundant economic benefits and social value for the company. At present, the production and sales costs of building profiles are relatively clear, and the added value of goods is not high. Industrial profiles can be considered as a company with at least 20% to 30% of profit margin. In addition, because of its low carbon and environmental protection during the production process, it is in line with the tasks of national energy conservation and emission reduction and the lightweighting of aluminum profiles.
National policy supports career development In the next few years, the amount of industrial aluminum profiles will be added quickly, and high-end and high-end products will become mainstream. As a developing country in the mid-industrialization period, China will be in a critical period of entering the middle developed countries and completing the third step in the next 20 to 30 years. The use of aluminum profiles in the industrial sector is endless. Among the 124 industrial parts in China, 113 parts use aluminum products, a ratio of 91%.
Regarding the current situation that the proportion of industrial aluminum profiles in all aluminum profile products is too low, relevant parts of the state have provided guidance and opinions on the cost structure of aluminum profiles. The National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance and other nine ministries and commissions 》 Proposed that one of the first principles for the adjustment of the aluminum industry structure is to add the proportion of high value-added processed materials so that the share of industrial profiles and construction profiles reaches 7: 3.
Together, with the lightweighting of the transportation industry, the development of the electronic power industry and the machinery manufacturing industry, the scope of aluminum profiles in China continues to expand. The need for medium and high-strength industrial aluminum profiles, pipes and rods is being added rapidly. In the next few years, the proportion of China's industrial aluminum profile spending in the total aluminum profile spending will increase year by year, and the share of aluminum profile products will increase from about 30% now to about 45-50% in 2015, gradually occupying shopping malls. Dominance.
Because aluminum products have the characteristics of light weight, low price, and recyclability, under the premise of the country's emphasis on energy conservation and environmental protection, aluminum profiles in the fields of transportation, home appliances, electronics and mechanical equipment are very endless in the future.
Taking a car as an example, it is estimated that if the weight of a car is reduced by 10%, the fuel consumption can be reduced by 6 to 8%. Aluminum products are undoubtedly the best information for car weight reduction. According to Alcoa's research data, accounting for 500,000 public cars, if aluminum is used instead of steel to reduce the weight of each car by 1t, it can save 2.4 billion liters of fuel. Together, they can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. At present, the average amount of aluminum used in cars worldwide has risen from 50 kg / car in 1980 to 107 kg / car, an increase of 1.14 times. According to the European Aluminum Association's guess, by 2015, the amount of aluminum used in cars in Europe will reach 200 kg / car.